Never Stop Dreaming

8-bit music, or Chiptune, is a nostalgic genre. Composers write music in the limitations of old game consoles, such as the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The only thing this simple computer from 1980 could play was a maximum of three digital "bleeps" at the same time, and some white noise that could be used for percussion.

In 2016, Teun was asked to compose for a game in the style and limitations of the NES. That's how he dove into chiptune music, and pushed it to its limits.

Begrepen?BellerophonCapable KeyboardsDekoorHatoonNBENever Stop DreamingSoundscapeThe Neighbours


Teun Cornelis Buwalda (Utrecht, 2000), grew up in the small town of Culemborg, where his parents soon sent him to music lessons. Rather than following a traditional music education, Teun started playing the West African djembe as well as piano at the age of six. Before going to middle school, he had already sung in multiple youth choirs and performed with bands. When he was twelve, Teun went to O.R.S. Lek en Linge, a school praised for its focus on culture. In his six years there, he assembled a network of anyone he could find who could play an instrument, which he turned to each year to perform at the school’s yearly Culture Festival. Meanwhile he conducted musicals, arranged for his a capella group and dozens of bands, and participated in the composing contest set out each year by the Netherlands Wind Ensemble. Teun could be found on his school’s auditorium stage so much that his senior quote was easy to find: “I am the Culture Festival.” During his final year at high school, he followed a preparatory year for Composition at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam.

Teun describes his own work as a middle ground between easy listening and complex jazz. A sucker for music theory, he has a sense for a particular, innovative kind of rhythm and complex harmonies unbound to a specific scale, but at the same time he wants his music to be aesthetically pleasing; everyone should be able to enjoy it. Teun doesn’t consider himself an instrumentalist, even though he sings and plays the piano and trombone in many different ensembles. Furthermore he composes, arranges, coaches and conducts – whatever is necessary for the project he’s currently working on.

Teun can always be reached via e-mail: